The place-name Drum is
derived from Gaelic word druim,
or 'ridge'. Drum
Castle was probably built by Alexander III in 1280 AD. Its
keep is one of the oldest towers in Scotland. The original tower keep,
standing seventy feet with walls twelve feet thick, is believed to have
been built by Richard Cementarius, the first provost of Aberdeen, during
the Reign of Alexander III.
his campaign against the English, Robert De Bruis often received refuge
from the Irvines of Bonshaw. William De Irwyn was his armour bearer. For
his service William was awared the Royal Oaks in Aderdeenshire and Drum
castle in 1323. Prior to this the land belonged to John Comyn. The
castle remained in Irvine possession for the following 650 years.
The stone mansion
and Jacobean house that surround the original tower were built during
the reign of Alexander, the 9th Laird of Drum and completed in 1619.
Drum Castle was attacked and plundered three times during the
Covenanting Rebellion when the royalist Irvines supported Charles I, in
a region where most Scottish families were Covenanters. Drum Castle had
been besieged and captures on two occasions and garrisoned four times.
The Irvine family continued to be loyal to the Stuart royalty. In 1644
soldiers destroyed the gardens at Drum.
the courtyard was restored and an arched entrance was added. Within the
old walled garden is a fine collection of Historic Roses.
In 1975, the
24th Laird of Drum, Henry Quentin Forbes Irvine, gave Drum Castle to the
National Trust for Scotland as part of his will.
Written by Eric Irvine © 2001.
Contributions of information and pictures are welcome. Contact Eric